The surgeon makes several small incisions cuts in the abdomen. Ask how surgery will impact your sex life. This might involve using laxatives, having an enema, and eating a clear food diet. The procedure is noninvasive, causes only mild discomfort, and you should be fully recovered in two weeks. It can often help the patient recover enough to start other treatments such as chemotherapy.
Some stage I and most stage II and III rectal cancers in the middle and lower third of the rectum require removing the entire rectum called a proctectomy.
Stool then comes out this opening. The polyp is removed one piece at a time, called piecemeal resection. Specially trained ostomy nurses or enterostomal therapists can help you with this. In this operation, the surgeon cuts through all layers of the rectal wall to take out the cancer as well as some surrounding normal rectal tissue. Ask how surgery will impact your sex life.